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Explain the use of localization and Globalization.

Users of different countries, use different languages and others settings like currency, and dates. Therefore, applications are needed to be configurable as per the required settings based on cultures, regions, countries.

Globalization: Is a way of writing the executables in a way that they are culture or language neutral.
The culture and language details specific details should be kept configurable. The main part of Globalization is to find out the locale-sensitive resources that are needed to be kept configurable and to segregate these resources from the executable code.

Localization: Is the task to customize the application. The main part of localization is the translation of resources found in globalization.