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Is it better to use a macro or a function?

The answer depends on the situation you are writing code for. Macros have the distinct advantage of being
more efficient (and faster) than functions, because their corresponding code is inserted directly into your
source code at the point where the macro is called. There is no overhead involved in using a macro like there
is in placing a call to a function. However, macros are generally small and cannot handle large, complex
coding constructs. A function is more suited for this type of situation. 

Additionally, macros are expanded inline, which means that the code is replicated for each occurrence of a macro. Your code therefore could
be somewhat larger when you use macros than if you were to use functions.

Thus, the choice between using a macro and using a function is one of deciding between the tradeoff of faster
program speed versus smaller program size. Generally, you should use macros to replace small, repeatable
code sections, and you should use functions for larger coding tasks that might require several lines of code.